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Fossil fuel

Namibia imports most of its energy from South Africa, with no domestic production of oil, gas or coal.


Coal deposits in Namibia are stratigraphically confined to the Ecca Group of the Karoo Sequence. Coal potential exists in extensive sedimentary basins like the Owambo, Huab, Waterberg and Aranos basins. The Aranos basin has been investigated in detail for coal. The Aranos coal basin, which contains in situ resources of about 350 million tonnes of high-quality metallurgical coal at a depth of up to 300 m, is the largest known coal deposit in the country.


Exploration for petroleum and natural gas in Namibia has taken place in the Ovambo and Nama basins and on the continental shelf. The only substantial hydrocarbon occurrence discovered so far is the Kudu gas field, located some 200 km offshore southern Namibia.

The Kudu Gas Project
Fourteen exploration wells have been drilled offshore so far in an area that covers more than 500,000 km2. Five of the wells are located in the Kudu Gas Field, which has 1.4 trillion cubic feet of proven reserves and an upside of 20 trillion cubic feet.
The Kudu Gas Project involves the development of the Kudu gas field by Energy Africa and NAMCOR, and the piping of gas to shore to an 800MW power station to be developed and operated by NamPower, in the vicinity of Oranjemund. The Kudu gas-to-power plant is based on combined-cycle gas-turbine technology and will be the first of its kind in southern Africa. The first power station will have a capacity of 800 MW.

Exploration for oil offshore as well as within the Nama and Ovambo basins is currently in progress.

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